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Immunoregulatory Properties of Heme Oxygenase-1

  • Philippe BlancouEmail author
  • Virginie Tardif
  • Thomas Simon
  • Séverine Rémy
  • Leandro Carreño
  • Alexis Kalergis
  • Ignacio Anegon
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 677)

Abstract

Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is one of the three isoforms of the heme oxygenase enzyme that catabolyzes the degradation of heme into biliverdin with the production of free iron and CO. HO-1 is induced by its substrate and by other stimuli, including agents involved in oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokines as well as several anti-inflammatory stimuli. A growing body of evidence points toward the capacity of this molecule to inhibit immune reactions and the pivotal role of HO-1 in inflammatory diseases. We will first review the physiological role of HO-1 as determined by the analysis of HO-1-deficient individuals. This will be followed by an examination of the effect of HO-1 within immunopathological contexts such as immune disorders (autoimmunity and allergy) or infections. A section will be devoted to the use of an HO-1 inducer as an immunosuppressive molecule in transplantation. Finally, we will review the molecular basis of HO-1 actions on different immune cells.

Key words

Heme oxygenase Carbon monoxide Inflammation Autoimmunity Allergy Infection Transplantation Dendritic cell Lymphocyte Macrophage 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by funding from, La Région Pays de la Loire through the “Chaire d’excellence program” for AK and the IMBIO program, l’Agence de la Biomédecine, Ministère de la Recherche, Fondation CENTAURE, Fondation Progreffe, an ECOS France-Chile grant and Millennium Nucleus on Immunology and Immunotherapy from Chile (P04/030-F). LC is a CONICYT fellow.

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Copyright information

© Humana Press 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Blancou
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Virginie Tardif
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Thomas Simon
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Séverine Rémy
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Leandro Carreño
    • 6
  • Alexis Kalergis
    • 6
  • Ignacio Anegon
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.ONIRISNantesFrance
  2. 2.INRA, UMR_A 707NantesFrance
  3. 3.INSERM UMR 643NantesFrance
  4. 4.Institut de Transplantation et de Recherche en Transplantation (ITERT)CHU NantesNantesFrance
  5. 5.Faculté de MédecineUniversité de NantesNantesFrance
  6. 6.Millenium Nucleus of Immunology and Immunotherapy, Departamento de Genética Molecular y Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias BiológicasPontificia Universidad Catolica de ChileSantiagoChile

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