Environmental and Occupational Risk Factors for Lung Cancer

  • Irene Brüske-Hohlfeld
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 472)


Lung cancer is the world's leading cause of cancer death. It is primarily due to the inhalation of carcinogens and highly accessible to prevention by diminishing exposures to lung carcinogens. Most important will be the complete cessation of exposure to cigarette smoke (first and second hand) and to asbestos. Two environmental exposures—radon in homes and arsenic in drinking water—cannot be totally avoided, but people in certain geographical regions would greatly benefit from a reduction in exposure magnitude. And last but not least, workers all over the world deserve that preventive measures at the workplace are observed with regard to exposures, such as arsenic, beryllium, bis-chloromethyl ether (BCME), cadmium, chromium, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and nickel.

Key words

Lung cancer cigarette smoke asbestos radon in homes arsenic in drinking water beryllium bis-chloromethyl ether (BCME) cadmium chromium nickel polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Brüske-Hohlfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum MünchenGerman Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH)NeuherbergGermany

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