Real-Time PCR Methods to Study Expression of Genes Related to Hypermutability
Pathogenic bacteria can have sub-populations of hypermutable bacteria. This sub-population has a higher spontaneous mutation rate than the majority of the population which can be attributed to defects in proofreading and repair mechanisms. This leads to the evolution of drug-resistant strains of bacteria through genetic change. It is important to study the expression of genes involved in, for example, mismatch repair and the SOS system by real-time PCR to determine hypermutability and therefore provide an indicator of the mutagenic ability of certain strains of pathogenic bacteria.
Key wordsHypermutability DNA repair Mutation
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