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Biocomputational Strategies for Microbial Drug Target Identification

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New Antibiotic Targets

Part of the book series: Methods In Molecular Medicine™ ((MIMM,volume 142))

Summary

The complete genome sequences of about 300 bacteria (mostly pathogenic) have been determined, and many more such projects are currently in progress. The detection of bacterial genes that are non-homologous to human genes and are essential for the survival of the pathogen represent a promising means of identifying novel drug targets. We present a subtractive genomics approach for the identification of putative drug targets in microbial genomes and demonstrate its execution using Pseudomonas aeruginosa as an example. The resultant analyses are in good agreement with the results of systematic gene deletion experiments. This strategy enables rapid potential drug target identification, thereby greatly facilitating the search for new antibiotics. It should be recognized that there are limitations to this computational approach for drug target identification. Distant gene relationships may be missed since the alignment scores are likely to have low statistical significance. In conclusion, the results of such a strategy underscore the utility of large genomic databases for in silico systematic drug target identification in the post-genomic era.

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Sakharkar, K.R., Sakharkar, M.K., Chow, V.T. (2008). Biocomputational Strategies for Microbial Drug Target Identification. In: Champney, W.S. (eds) New Antibiotic Targets. Methods In Molecular Medicine™, vol 142. Humana Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-59745-246-5_1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-59745-246-5_1

  • Publisher Name: Humana Press

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-58829-915-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-59745-246-5

  • eBook Packages: Springer Protocols

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