How to Perform an Accurate Analysis of Metaphase I Chromosome Configurations in Autopolyploids of Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Pablo Parra-Nunez
  • Mónica Pradillo
  • Juan Luis SantosEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2061)


During meiosis, accurate segregation of chromosomes requires the formation of bivalents at metaphase I. In autopolyploids, there are more than two copies of each chromosome with the same chance to form chiasmata at meiosis. This leads to the formation of multivalent configurations in which chiasma quantification is rather complicated. Here, we present an improved cytological protocol, including fluorescence in situ hybridization, to obtain high quality spreads of metaphase I chromosomes from Arabidopsis thaliana autotetraploids. This method allows an accurate analysis of the different meiotic configurations and enables the assessment of the number of chiasmata formed by each tetrasome (group of four homologs).

Key words

Arabidopsis Chiasma FISH Meiosis Polyploidy 



The authors acknowledge the support of the European Union by the advanced grant Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN) “COMREC” (Grant agreement number: 606956). This work has also been partially supported by a grant from the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain (AGL2015-67349-P).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pablo Parra-Nunez
    • 1
  • Mónica Pradillo
    • 1
  • Juan Luis Santos
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de Genética, Fisiología y Microbiología, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain

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