Transposon Mutagenesis in Streptococcus Species
Mutant libraries, generated by transposons and screened for various phenotypes, have led to many important discoveries regarding gene functions in various organisms. In this chapter we describe the use of plasmid pMN100, a transposon vector constructed to perform in vivo transposition primarily in oral streptococci. Compared to in vitro transposition systems the conditional replicative features of the plasmid, and the inducible expression of the mariner Himar1 transposase, makes pMN100 particularly useful for bacterial strains showing a low transformation frequency. We outline how to transform plasmid pMN100 into Streptococcus mutans, carry out transposon mutagenesis, and determine the chromosomal location of inserted transposons. It is our prospect that the protocols can be used as guidelines for transposon mutagenesis in S. mutans as well as other species of streptococci.
Key wordsIn vivo transposon mutagenesis Mariner pMN100 Streptococci
This work was supported by grants from the Danish Council for Independent Research and the Lundbeck Foundation.
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