Transient Gene Expression as a Tool to Monitor and Manipulate the Levels of Acidic Phospholipids in Plant Cells

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1992)


Anionic phospholipids represent only minor fraction of cell membranes lipids but they are critically important for many membrane-related processes, including membrane identity, charge, shape, the generation of second messengers, and the recruitment of peripheral proteins. The main anionic phospholipids of the plasma membrane are phosphoinositides phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI4,5P2), phosphatidylserine (PS), and phosphatidic acid (PA). Recent insights in the understanding of the nature of protein–phospholipid interactions enabled the design of genetically encoded fluorescent molecular probes that can interact with various phospholipids in a specific manner allowing their imaging in live cells. Here, we describe the use of transiently transformed plant cells to study phospholipid-dependent membrane recruitment.

Key words

Microscopy Nicotiana benthamiana Nicotiana tabacum Phosphoinositides Phospholipid-binding domains Pollen tube Transient expression 



Research in the Prague lab is supported by the Czech Science Foundation (grants no. 17-27477S, 18-18290J and 19-21758S) and by the Ministry of Education Youth and Sport of the Czech Republic (project no. NPUI LO1417). Y.J. is funded by ERC no. 3363360-APPL under FP/2007-2013, and L.C.N is funded by a fellowship from the French Ministry of Higher Education.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire Reproduction et Développement des PlantesUniversité de Lyon, ENS de Lyon, CNRS, INRALyonFrance
  2. 2.Institute of Experimental BotanyCzech Academy of SciencesPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Experimental Plant Biology, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic

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