In Ovo Electroporation of Plasmid DNA and Morpholinos into Specific Tissues During Early Embryogenesis

  • Rebecca McLennanEmail author
  • Paul M. Kulesa
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1976)


In ovo electroporation enables transfection of non-viral plasmid DNA and/or morpholinos to fluorescently label and/or perturb gene function in cells of interest. However, targeted electroporation into specific subregions of the embryo can be challenging due to placement and size limitations of the electrodes. Here we describe the basic techniques for in ovo electroporation in the chick embryo and suggest parameters to electroporate cells within different target tissues that with some modifications may be applicable to a wide range of developmental stages and other embryo model organisms.

Key words

Chick Embryogenesis Electroporation Cell labeling Gene perturbation Morpholinos Targeted transfection 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stowers Institute for Medical ResearchKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy and Cell BiologyUniversity of Kansas School of MedicineKansas CityUSA

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