Imaging Artificial Membranes Using High-Speed Atomic Force Microscopy

  • Hussein Nasrallah
  • Anthony Vial
  • Nicolas Pocholle
  • Jérémy Soulier
  • Luca Costa
  • Cédric Godefroy
  • Eric Bourillot
  • Eric Lesniewska
  • Pierre-Emmanuel MilhietEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1886)


Supported lipid bilayers represent a very attractive way to mimic biological membranes, especially to investigate molecular mechanisms associated with the lateral segregation of membrane components. Observation of these model membranes with high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) allows the capture of both topography and dynamics of membrane components, with a spatial resolution in the nanometer range and image capture time of less than 1 s. In this context, we have developed new protocols adapted for HS-AFM to form supported lipid bilayers on small mica disks using the vesicle fusion or Langmuir-Blodgett methods. In this chapter we describe in detail the protocols to fabricate supported artificial bilayers as well as the main guidelines for HS-AFM imaging of such samples.

Key words

Atomic force microscopy Lipid Artificial membrane Supported lipid bilayer Vesicle fusion Langmuir Dynamics 



The research has been supported by CNRS (PEM and EL), INSERM (PEM), Institut Carnot (EL), and by the ANR program (ANR-11-nano-009-04, ANR-08-NANO-010-03, ANR- 08-PCVI-0003-02, the EpiGenMed Labex ANR-10-LABX-12-01 and the French Infrastructure for Integrated Structural Biology (FRISBI) ANR-10-INBS-05). We are grateful to our collaborators involved in the project, P. Dosset, J. Kokavecz, and C. Le Grimellec.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hussein Nasrallah
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anthony Vial
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nicolas Pocholle
    • 3
  • Jérémy Soulier
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luca Costa
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cédric Godefroy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eric Bourillot
    • 3
  • Eric Lesniewska
    • 3
  • Pierre-Emmanuel Milhiet
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.INSERM, U1054MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Centre de Biochimie StructuraleUniversité de Montpellier, CNRS, UMR 5048MontpellierFrance
  3. 3.ICB UMR CNRS 6303University of Bourgogne Franche-ComteDijonFrance

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