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Introduction to Epidemiological Studies

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Genetic Epidemiology

Part of the book series: Methods in Molecular Biology ((MIMB,volume 1793))

Abstract

The basic epidemiological study designs are cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies. Cross-sectional studies provide a snapshot of a population by determining both exposures and outcomes at one time point. Cohort studies identify the study groups based on the exposure and, then, the researchers follow up study participants to measure outcomes. Case-control studies identify the study groups based on the outcome, and the researchers retrospectively collect the exposure of interest. The present chapter discusses the basic concepts, the advantages, and disadvantages of epidemiological study designs and their systematic biases, including selection bias, information bias, and confounding.

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Correspondence to Lazaros Belbasis .

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Belbasis, L., Bellou, V. (2018). Introduction to Epidemiological Studies. In: Evangelou, E. (eds) Genetic Epidemiology. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol 1793. Humana Press, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7868-7_1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7868-7_1

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  • Publisher Name: Humana Press, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4939-7867-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4939-7868-7

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