Myelin pp 15-23 | Cite as

Immunohistochemical Analysis of Myelin Structures

  • M. Thetiot
  • S. A. Freeman
  • A. DesmazièresEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1791)


Immunochemistry (immunocytochemistry for cells and immunohistochemistry for tissues) is a method used to label specific antigens, based on highly specific antibody–epitope interactions. The resulting labeling can be visualized and imaged through microscopy adapted to the type of detection system used (fluorophore, peroxidase, etc.). In the nervous system, myelin is a complex membrane structure, generated by myelinating glial cells, which ensheath axons and facilitate electrical conduction. Myelin alteration has been shown to occur in various neurological diseases, in which it is associated with functional deficits. Here, we focus on myelin detection by immunofluorescence using immunochemistry protocols based on antibodies directed against major myelin proteins.

Key words

Myelin staining Immunochemistry Antibodies Antigens 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut du cerveau et de la moelle épinière (ICM), INSERM-UPMC UMRS 1127 CNRS 7225, Hopital Pitié-SalpétrièreParis Cedex 13France

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