High-Throughput Analysis of Mitochondrial Oxygen Consumption
Interest in the investigation of mitochondrial dysfunction has seen a resurgence over recent years due to the implication of such dysfunction in both drug-induced toxicity and a variety of disease states. Here we describe a methodology to assist in such investigations whereby the oxygen consumption of isolated mitochondria is assessed in a high-throughput fashion using a phosphorescent oxygen-sensitive probe, standard microtiter plates, and plate reader detection. The protocols provided describe the required isolation procedures, initial assay optimization, and subsequent compound screening. Typical data is also provided illustrating the expected activity levels as well as recommended plate maps and data analysis approaches.
Key wordsMitochondria OXPHOS Oxygen consumption Toxicity Respiration Polarimetry Oxygen-sensitive probes Toxicity Drug safety testing