Histoculture and Infection with HIV of Functional Human Lymphoid Tissue on Gelfoam®

  • Andrea Introini
  • Wendy Fitzgerald
  • Christophe Vanpouille
  • Leonid Margolis
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1760)


Gelfoam® histoculture provides a valuable tool for experimental studies of normal and pathological tissue physiology. It allows us to understand cell-cell interactions by mirroring their original spatial relationship within body tissues. Gelfoam® histoculture can be employed to model host-pathogen interactions mimicking in vivo conditions in vitro. In the present chapter, we describe a protocol to process and infect lymphoid tissue explants with HIV and maintain them in Gelfoam® histoculture at the liquid-air interface. The Gelfoam® histocultures with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1-infected tissues have been used to further understand the biology of early HIV-1 pathogenesis, as well as a novel ex vivo platform to test the efficacy and toxicity of antiviral drugs.

Key words

Lymphoid tissue Tonsils Histoculture Gelfoam® HIV-1 infection Antibody production 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Introini
    • 1
  • Wendy Fitzgerald
    • 2
  • Christophe Vanpouille
    • 2
  • Leonid Margolis
    • 2
  1. 1.Karolinska InstituteStockholmSweden
  2. 2.National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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