Trace Element Analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Sector Field Mass Spectrometry

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1690)


Transition metal ions play important structural, regulatory, and catalytic roles in all biological systems by serving as cofactors for proteins. Due to their relatively low levels in the cell compared to abundant metal ions such as potassium and magnesium, transition metals are often considered micronutrients and referred to as trace elements. Manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) are the most prevalent transition metals in the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Here, we describe a method for the accurate measurement of these trace elements in B. burgdorferi utilizing inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS).

Key words

Borrelia burgdorferi Trace element analysis Transition metal ions Inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry High resolution-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry 



This work is supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health under the award number AI103173. We thank Michael V. Norgard for providing the wild-type 297 and the bmtA mutant strains of B. burgdorferi.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Li
    • 1
  • Peng Wang
    • 1
  • Anthony Lutton
    • 2
  • John Olesik
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of MedicineTufts Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Trace Element Research LaboratoryThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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