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An Overview of Protein Secretion in Plant Cells

  • Kin Pan ChungEmail author
  • Yonglun ZengEmail author
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1662)

Abstract

The delivery of proteins to the apoplast or protein secretion is an essential process in plant cells. Proteins are secreted to perform various biological functions such as cell wall modification and defense response. Conserved from yeast to mammals, both conventional and unconventional protein secretion pathways have been demonstrated in plants. In the conventional protein secretion pathway, secretory proteins with an N-terminal signal peptide are transported to the extracellular region via the endoplasmic reticulum–Golgi apparatus and the subsequent endomembrane system. By contrast, multiple unconventional protein secretion pathways are proposed to mediate the secretion of the leaderless secretory proteins. In this review, we summarize the recent findings and provide a comprehensive overview of protein secretion pathways in plant cells.

Key words

Conventional protein secretion Unconventional protein secretion Coat protein complex I Coat protein complex II Exocyst-positive organelle 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by grants from the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong (CUHK465112, 466313, 14130716, 14102417, CUHK2/CRF/11G, C4011-14R, C4012-16E, and AoE/M-05/12), Germany/Hong Kong Joint Research Scheme (G-CUHK402/15), CUHK Research Committee Direct Grant, NSFC (31270226 and 31470294, 31670179), CAS-Croucher Joint Lab Scheme, and Shenzhen Peacock Project (KQTD201101).

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, Centre for Cell and Developmental Biology, School of Life SciencesThe Chinese University of Hong KongShatin, New Territories, Hong KongChina

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