Gene expression can be modified by physical factors, such as heat, electricity and magnetic fields, and several types of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. Promoter activation with extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields is possible with an appropriate promoter, containing electromagnetic field response elements. Here, we describe how to examine promoter activation with extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields, and we provide a step-by-step guide to the assembly of a solenoid suitable for promoter activation.
Promoter activation Electromagnetic field Synthetic promoter Electromagnetic field response elements
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