Red Blood Cells in Clinical Proteomics

  • Ana Sofia Carvalho
  • Manuel S. Rodriguez
  • Rune MatthiesenEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1619)


Red blood cells (RBCs) are known for their role in oxygen and carbon dioxide transport. The main function of RBCs is directly linked to many diseases that cause low oxygen levels in tissues such as congenital heart disease in adults, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sleep apnea, sickle cell disease, etc. Red blood cells are a direct target for a number of parasitic diseases such as malaria (Plasmodium) and similar parasites of the phylum Apicomplexa (Toxoplasma, Theileria, Eimeria, Babesia, and Cryptosporidium). RBC membrane components, in particular, are suitable targets for the discovery of drugs against parasite interaction. There is also evidence that RBCs release growth and survival factors, thereby linking RBCs with cancer. RBCs are abundant and travel throughout the body; consequently changes in RBC proteome potentially reflect other diseases as well. This chapter describes erythrocyte isolation from blood and its fractionation into RBC membrane and soluble cytosolic fractions. Alternative procedures for mass spectrometry analysis of RBC membrane proteome will be presented.

Key words

Red blood cell Proteome Membranar proteins Mass spectrometry Proteases Infection 



RM is supported by FCT investigator program 2012 (IF/01002/2012). ASC is supported by grant SFRH/BPD/85569/2012 funded by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Sofia Carvalho
    • 1
  • Manuel S. Rodriguez
    • 2
    • 3
  • Rune Matthiesen
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Computational and Experimental Biology Group, Nova Medical School/ Faculdade de Ciências MédicasUniversidade Nova de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Advanced Technology Institute in Life Sciences (ITAV)CNRS-USR3505ToulouseFrance
  3. 3.University of Toulouse III-Paul SabatierToulouseFrance
  4. 4.Computational and Experimental Biology Group, CEDOC—Chronic Diseases Research Center, Faculdade de Ciências MédicasUniversidade Nova de LisboaLisboaPortugal

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