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MicroRNAs, Long Noncoding RNAs, and Their Functions in Human Disease

  • Min Xue
  • Ying Zhuo
  • Bin ShanEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1617)

Abstract

Majority of the human genome is transcribed into RNAs with absent or limited protein-coding potential. microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are two major families of the non-protein-coding transcripts. miRNAs and lncRNAs can regulate fundamental cellular processes via diverse mechanisms. The expression and function of miRNAs and lncRNAs are tightly regulated in development and physiological homeostasis. Dysregulation of miRNAs and lncRNAs is critical to pathogenesis of human disease. Moreover, recent evidence indicates a cross talk between miRNAs and lncRNAs. Herein we review recent advances in the biology of miRNAs and lncRNAs with respect to the above aspects. We focus on their roles in cancer, respiratory disease, and neurodegenerative disease. The complexity, flexibility, and versatility of the structures and functions of miRNAs and lncRNAs demand integration of experimental and bioinformatics tools to acquire sufficient knowledge for applications of these noncoding RNAs in clinical care.

Key words

MicroRNA Long noncoding RNA 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Xuzhou College of MedicineXuzhouChina
  2. 2.Kadlec Regional Medical CenterRichlandUSA
  3. 3.Elson S. Floyd College of MedicineWashington State University SpokaneSpokaneUSA

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