Characterization and Functional Phenotyping of Renal Immune Cells via Flow Cytometry

  • Nathan P. Rudemiller
  • Steven D. CrowleyEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1614)


A variety of immune cell subsets contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension and associated kidney damage following inappropriate activation of the renin–angiotensin system (RAS). These immune cell subsets often express common surface markers, which complicates their separation and characterization in vivo. Accordingly, flow cytometry has become an invaluable tool for parsing immune cell populations because this technique permits the simultaneous detection of up to 18 markers on a single cell. Below we describe a process by which one can determine the immune cell subsets in the kidney via flow cytometry.

Key words

Kidney diseases Inflammation Flow cytometry Hypertension Cytokines 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Nephrology, Department of MedicineDurham VA and Duke University Medical CentersDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Division of Nephrology, Department of MedicineDurham VA and Duke University Medical CentersDurhamUSA

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