Surface Engineering of Nanoparticles to Create Synthetic Antibodies

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1575)

Abstract

Surface engineering of nanoparticles has recently emerged as a promising technique for synthetic molecular recognition of biological analytes. In particular, the use of synthetic heteropolymers adsorbed onto the surface of a nanoparticle can yield selective detection of a molecular target. Synthetic molecular recognition has unique advantages in leveraging the photostability, versatility, and exceptional chemical stability of nanomaterials. In particular, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) exhibit a large Stokes shift and near infrared emission for maximum biological sample transparency. Optical biosensors with high signal transduction and molecular specificity can be synthesized with amphiphilic heteropolymers grafted to SWNT, and discovered by high-throughput screening. Herein, we describe the development and the characterization of surface-engineered nanoparticles, or “synthetic antibodies,” for protein detection.

Key words

Protein detection Sensors Carbon nanotubes DNA aptamers Infrared fluorescence microscopy Nanomaterials Synthetic antibodies 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Landry Lab, California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, QB3University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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