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Incorporating Aptamers in the Multiple Analyte Profiling Assays (xMAP): Detection of C-Reactive Protein

  • Elyse D. Bernard
  • Kathy C. Nguyen
  • Maria C. DeRosa
  • Azam F. Tayabali
  • Rocio Aranda-Rodriguez
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1575)

Abstract

Aptamers are short oligonucleotide sequences used in detection systems because of their high affinity binding to a variety of macromolecules. With the introduction of aptamers over 25 years ago came the exploration of their use in many different applications as a substitute for antibodies. Aptamers have several advantages; they are easy to synthesize, can bind to analytes for which it is difficult to obtain antibodies, and in some cases bind better than antibodies. As such, aptamer applications have significantly expanded as an adjunct to a variety of different immunoassay designs. The Multiple-Analyte Profiling (xMAP) technology developed by Luminex Corporation commonly uses antibodies for the detection of analytes in small sample volumes through the use of fluorescently coded microbeads. This technology permits the simultaneous detection of multiple analytes in each sample tested and hence could be applied in many research fields. Although little work has been performed adapting this technology for use with apatmers, optimizing aptamer-based xMAP assays would dramatically increase the versatility of analyte detection. We report herein on the development of an xMAP bead-based aptamer/antibody sandwich assay for a biomarker of inflammation (C-reactive protein or CRP). Protocols for the coupling of aptamers to xMAP beads, validation of coupling, and for an aptamer/antibody sandwich-type assay for CRP are detailed. The optimized conditions, protocols and findings described in this research could serve as a starting point for the development of new aptamer-based xMAP assays.

Key words

Aptamer assay Multiple-analyte profiling Luminex xMAP CRP Sandwich assay Bead-based assay 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elyse D. Bernard
    • 1
  • Kathy C. Nguyen
    • 1
  • Maria C. DeRosa
    • 2
  • Azam F. Tayabali
    • 1
  • Rocio Aranda-Rodriguez
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Health Science and Research BureauHealth CanadaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Chemistry DepartmentCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada

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