Antibody Validation by Immunoprecipitation Followed by Mass Spectrometry Analysis
We describe a mass spectrometry-based approach for validation of antibody specificity. This method allows validation of antibodies or antibody fragments, against their endogenous targets. It can assess if the antibody is able to bind to its native antigen in cell lysates among thousands of other proteins, DNA, RNA, and other cellular components. In addition, it identifies other proteins the antibody is able to immunoprecipitate allowing for the assessment of antibody specificity and selectivity. This method is easily scalable, adaptable to different cell lines and conditions and has been shown to be reproducible between multiple laboratories.
Key wordsImmunoprecipitation Antibody fragments Mass spectrometry Antibody validation
The Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) is a registered charity (number 1097737) that receives funds from AbbVie, Bayer Pharma AG, Boehringer Ingelheim, Canada Foundation for Innovation, Eshelman Institute for Innovation, Genome Canada, Innovative Medicines Initiative (EU/EFPIA) [ULTRA-DD grant no. 115766], Janssen, Merck & Co., Novartis Pharma AG, Ontario Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation, Pfizer, São Paulo Research Foundation-FAPESP, Takeda, and the Wellcome Trust. We also gratefully acknowledge Leif Dahllund for assistance with cell culture work and Elena Ossipova for sample preparation before MS.