Full Membrane Protein Coverage Digestion and Quantitative Bottom-Up Mass Spectrometry Proteomics
A true and accurate bottom-up global proteomic measurement will only be achieved when all proteins in a sample can be digested efficiently and at least some peptides recovered on which to base an estimate of abundance. Integral membrane proteins make up around one-third of the proteome and require specialized protocols if they are to be successfully solubilized for efficient digestion by the enzymes used in bottom-up proteomics. The protocol described relies upon solubilization using the detergents sodium deoxycholate and lauryl sarcosine with heating to 95 °C. A subset of peptides is purified by reverse-phase solid-phase extraction and fractionated by strong-cation exchange prior to nano-liquid chromatography with data-dependent tandem mass spectrometry. For quantitative proteomics experiments a protocol is described for stable-isotope coding of peptides using dimethylation of primary amines allowing for three-way sample multiplexing.
Key wordsTrypsin Electrospray ionization Proteome StageTip Dimethylation Phase transfer