Proteomics pp 149-170 | Cite as

Dual-Color, Multiplex Analysis of Protein Microarrays for Precision Medicine

  • Solomon Yeon
  • Florian Bell
  • Michael Shultz
  • Grace Lawrence
  • Michael Harpole
  • Virginia EspinaEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1550)


Generating molecular information in a clinically relevant time frame is the first hurdle to truly integrating precision medicine in health care. Reverse phase protein microarrays are being utilized in clinical trials for quantifying posttranslationally modified signal transduction proteins and cellular signaling pathways, allowing direct comparison of the activation state of proteins from multiple specimens, or individual patient specimens, within the same array. This technology provides diagnostic and therapeutic information critical to precision medicine. To enhance accessibility of this technology, two hurdles must be overcome: data normalization and data acquisition. Herein we describe an unamplified, dual-color signal detection methodology for reverse phase protein microarrays that allows multiplex, within spot data normalization, reduces data acquisition time, simplifies automated spot detection, and provides a stable signal output. This method utilizes Quantum Nanocrystal fluorophore labels (Qdot) substituted for organic fluorophores coupled with an imager (ArrayCAM) that captures images of the microarray rather than sequentially scanning the array. Streamlining and standardizing the data analysis steps with ArrayCAM high-resolution, dual mode chromogenic/fluorescent array imaging overcomes the data acquisition hurdle. The spot location and analysis algorithm provides certain parameter settings that can be tailored to the particular microarray type (fluorescent vs. colorimetric), resulting in greater than 99 % spot location sensitivity. The described method demonstrates equivalent sensitivity for a non-amplified Qdot immunoassay when using automated vs. manual immunostaining procedures.

Key words

Fluorescence Multicolor detection Precision medicine Posttranslational modification Protein microarray Protein phosphorylation Qdot nanocrystal Receptor tyrosine kinase Reverse phase protein microarray Signal transduction 



This work was funded in part by George Mason University and Grace Bio-Labs, Inc.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Solomon Yeon
    • 1
  • Florian Bell
    • 2
  • Michael Shultz
    • 2
  • Grace Lawrence
    • 1
  • Michael Harpole
    • 1
  • Virginia Espina
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Center for Applied Proteomics and Molecular MedicineGeorge Mason UniversityManassasUSA
  2. 2.Grace Bio-LabsBendUSA

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