Kampo Diagnosis Based on Sho

  • Mosaburo KainumaEmail author
Part of the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology book series (MIPT)


In Japanese Kampo medicine, Sho is a diagnosis based on kampo principles and an indication of the prescription.

The patient’s symptoms at any moment are recognized through the basic concepts of Yin-Yo; kyo-jitsu, ki, ketsu, and sui; six stages of disease; and the five parenchymatous viscera through Shi-shin. In addition, the doctor must identify any sign specific to the patient’s clinical condition. Taken together, they establish the Sho: They select the Kampo formula corresponding to the Sho.

Key words

Sho Kamo diagnosis Yin-Yo Kyo-jitsu Ki, ketsu, and sui Six stages of disease Shi-shin 


  1. 1.
    Katsutoshi Terasawa et al. (1983) Japanese Journal of Oriental Medicine 34: 1–17Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Akira Imadaya (1993) Clinical Seminar o n the Traditional Oriental Medicine (the 43rd General Meeting). Japanese Journal of Oriental Medicine 43: 349–356Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kainuma M, et al (2015) The association between objective tongue color and endoscopic findings: results from the Kyushu and Okinawa population study (KOPS).BMC Complement Altern Med 15:372.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Community Medicine Education Unit, Graduate School of Medical ScienceKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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