Following the Time-Course of Post-pollination Events by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM): Buildup of Exosome-Like Structures with Compatible Pollinations

  • Darya Safavian
  • Jennifer Doucet
  • Daphne R. Goring
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1459)


In the Brassicaceae, the dry stigma is an initial barrier to pollen acceptance as the stigmatic papillae lack surface secretions, and consequently rapid cellular responses are required to accept compatible pollen. Regulated secretion with secretory vesicles or multivesicular bodies is initiated in the stigmatic papillae towards the compatible pollen grain. In self-incompatible species, this basal compatible pollen response is superseded by the self-incompatibility signaling pathway where the secretory organelles are found in autophagosomes and vacuole for destruction. In this chapter, we describe a detailed protocol using the Transmission Electron Microscope to document the rapid cellular changes that occur in the stigmatic papillae in response to compatible versus self-incompatible pollen, at the pollen–stigma interface.

Key words

Pollen–pistil interactions Self-incompatibility Vesicles Multivesicular bodies Exosomes Autophagy Transmission electron microscopy 



D.S. and J.D. were supported by Ontario Graduate Scholarships (OGS). This research was supported by grants from Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada to D.R.G.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darya Safavian
    • 1
  • Jennifer Doucet
    • 1
  • Daphne R. Goring
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cell & Systems BiologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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