Optogenetics pp 319-331 | Cite as

Optogenetic Engineering of Atrial Cardiomyocytes

  • Iolanda Feola
  • Alexander Teplenin
  • Antoine A. F. de Vries
  • Daniël A. PijnappelsEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1408)


Optogenetics is emerging in the cardiology field as a new strategy to explore biological functions through the use of light-sensitive proteins and dedicated light sources. For example, this technology allows modification of the electrophysiological properties of cardiac muscle cells with superb spatiotemporal resolution and quantitative control. In this chapter, the optogenetic modification of atrial cardiomyocytes (aCMCs) from 2-day-old Wistar rats using lentiviral vector (LV) technology and the subsequent activation of the light-sensitive proteins (i.e., ion channels) through light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are described.

Key words

Optogenetics Atrial cardiomyocytes Lentiviral vectors Optical mapping Light-emitting diode (LED) 



This work was supported by a VIDI grant (91714336) from the Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) to Daniël Pijnappels. Antoine de Vries is a recipient of a Chinese Exchange Programme grant (10CDP007) from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) and received additional support by ICIN-Netherlands Heart Institute.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iolanda Feola
    • 1
  • Alexander Teplenin
    • 1
  • Antoine A. F. de Vries
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniël A. Pijnappels
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, Department of Cardiology, Heart Lung Center LeidenLeiden University Medical CenterLeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.ICIN-Netherlands Heart InstituteUtrechtThe Netherlands

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