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Structure and Function of Macroalgal Natural Products

  • Ryan M. Young
  • Kathryn M. Schoenrock
  • Jacqueline L. von Salm
  • Charles D. Amsler
  • Bill J. Baker
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1308)

Abstract

Since the initial discovery of marine phyco-derived secondary metabolites in the 1950s there has been a rapid increase in the description of new algal natural products. These metabolites have multiple ecological roles as well as commercial value as potential drugs or lead compounds. With the emergence of resistance to our current arsenal of drugs as well as the development of new chemotherapies for currently untreatable diseases, new compounds must be sourced. As outlined in this chapter algae produce a diverse range of chemicals many of which have potential for the treatment of human afflictions.

In this chapter we outline the classes of metabolites produced by this chemically rich group of organisms as well as their respective ecological roles in the environment. Algae are found in nearly every environment on earth, with many of these organisms possessing the ability to shape the ecosystem they inhabit. With current challenges to climate stability, understanding how these important organisms interact with their environment as well as one another might afford better insight into how they respond to a changing climate.

Key words

Chemical ecology Macroalgae Natural products Secondary metabolites 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Preparation of this chapter was supported in part by National Science Foundation awards ANT-0838773 and PLR-1341333 (C.D.A.) and awards ANT-0838776 and PLR-1341339 (B.J.B.) from the Antarctic Organisms and Ecosystems Program.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan M. Young
    • 1
  • Kathryn M. Schoenrock
    • 2
  • Jacqueline L. von Salm
    • 1
  • Charles D. Amsler
    • 2
  • Bill J. Baker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Center for Drug Discovery and InnovationUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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