Characterizing Protein–Glycosaminoglycan Interactions Using Solution NMR Spectroscopy

  • Prem Raj B. Joseph
  • Krishna Mohan Poluri
  • Krishna Mohan Sepuru
  • Krishna RajarathnamEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1229)


Solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and, in particular, chemical shift perturbation (CSP) titration experiments are ideally suited for characterizing the binding interface of macromolecular complexes. 1H-15 N-HSQC-based CSP studies have become the method of choice due to their simplicity, short time requirements, and not requiring high-level NMR expertise. Nevertheless, CSP studies for characterizing protein–glycosaminoglycan (GAG) interactions have been challenging due to binding-induced aggregation/precipitation and/or poor quality data. In this chapter, we discuss how optimizing experimental variables such as protein concentration, GAG size, and sensitivity of NMR instrumentation can overcome these roadblocks to obtain meaningful structural insights into protein–GAG interactions.

Key words

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) Chemical shift perturbation Protein–ligand interactions Glycosaminoglycan Dissociation constant Heparan sulfate Heparin 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prem Raj B. Joseph
    • 1
  • Krishna Mohan Poluri
    • 1
  • Krishna Mohan Sepuru
    • 1
  • Krishna Rajarathnam
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Sealy Center for Structural Biology and Molecular BiophysicsThe University of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

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