Rhinoviruses pp 83-100 | Cite as

Application of FCS in Studies of Rhinovirus Receptor Binding and Uncoating

  • Shushan Harutyunyan
  • Arthur Sedivy
  • Gottfried Köhler
  • Heinrich Kowalski
  • Dieter BlaasEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1221)


Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) allows determining diffusion and relaxation properties of fluorescent molecules. It requires only extremely small amounts of sample, down to picomolar concentrations, in an effective analysis volume of a few femtoliters. In essence, FCS determines the autocorrelation of fluorescence fluctuations caused by single labeled molecules passing through the confocal volume of a microscope equipped with a suitable detector; it permits investigating interactions of (macro)molecules, even in single cells. We present an FCS protocol for exploring, under in vitro conditions, the dynamic processes that take place during the early steps of virus infection. We cover two important issues of rhinovirus research, the kinetics of directional RNA release, and virus-receptor interactions exemplified by using human rhinovirus type A2 (HRV-A2) as a model.

Key words

Fluorescence Autocorrelation analysis Diffusion coefficient Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy HRV-A2 Uncoating Receptor Rhinovirus Picornavirus 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shushan Harutyunyan
    • 1
  • Arthur Sedivy
    • 2
  • Gottfried Köhler
    • 2
  • Heinrich Kowalski
    • 1
  • Dieter Blaas
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Department of Medical BiochemistryMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Department of Structural BiologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Department of Medical BiochemistryMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria

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