Targeted metabolomics, which focuses on a subset of known metabolites representative of biologically relevant metabolic pathways, is a valuable tool to discover biomarkers and link disease phenotypes to underlying mechanisms or therapeutic modes of action. A key advantage of targeted metabolomics, compared to discovery metabolomics, is its immediate readiness for extracting biological information derived from known metabolites and quantitative measurements. However, simultaneously analyzing hundreds of endogenous metabolites presents a challenge due to their diverse chemical structures and properties. Here we report a method which combines different chromatographic separation conditions, optimal ionization polarities, and the most sensitive triple-quadrupole MS-based data acquisition mode, multiple reaction monitoring (MRM), to quantitatively profile 205 endogenous metabolites in 10 min.
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