Enhanced Detection of Small RNAs Using a Nonradioactive Approach
- 1.3k Downloads
Recent advancements in high-throughput sequencing have led to the identification of many new classes of small noncoding RNAs such as endo-siRNAs. Unfortunately, reliable quantification of RNAs by sequencing is difficult due to artifacts arising from various factors involved in cDNA library preparation. Northern blot is one of the leading methods used to confirm the presence of a given RNA sequence because it can accurately quantify the cellular abundance, the size of the small RNA and reveal the presence of potential precursors and RNA isoforms. Here, we present a comprehensive description of LNA probe design along with a recently developed highly sensitive and cost-effective nonradioactive northern blot approach termed LED. LED combines a cross-linking method (EDC) and digoxigenin (DIG) labeling, and it can detect small RNAs with concentrations as low as 0.05 fmol and requires as little as a few seconds of membrane exposure for signal generation.
KeywordsTerminal modifications 5′ phosphate Membrane cross-linking Locked nucleic acid probe Nonradioactive detection
- 13.Aravin A, Gaidatzis D, Pfeffer S, Lagos-Quintana M, Landgraf P, Iovino N, Morris P, Brownstein MJ, Kuramochi-Miyagawa S, Nakano T, Chien M, Russo JJ, Ju J, Sheridan R, Sander C, Zavolan M, Tuschl T (2006) A novel class of small RNAs bind to MILI protein in mouse testes. Nature 442:203–207PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 24.Houwing S, Kamminga LM, Berezikov E, Cronembold D, Girard A, van den Elst H, Filippov DV, Blaser H, Raz E, Moens CB, Plasterk RH, Hannon GJ, Draper BW, Ketting RF (2007) A role for Piwi and piRNAs in germ cell maintenance and transposon silencing in Zebrafish. Cell 129:69–82PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar