Yeast Metabolomics: Sample Preparation for a GC/MS-Based Analysis

  • Sónia CarneiroEmail author
  • Rui Pereira
  • Isabel Rocha
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1152)


Metabolome sample preparation is one of the key factors in metabolomics analyses. The quality of the metabolome data will depend on the suitability of the experimental procedures to the cellular system (e.g., yeast cells) and the analytical performance. Here, we summarize a protocol for metabolome analysis of yeast cells using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). First, the main phases of a metabolomics analysis are identified: sample preparation, metabolite extraction, and analysis. We also provide an overview on different methods used to quench samples and extract intracellular metabolites from yeast cells. This protocol provides a detailed description of a GC-MS-based analysis of yeast metabolome, in particular for metabolites containing amino and/or carboxyl groups, which represent most of the compounds participating in the central carbon metabolism.

Key words

Metabolic profiling Metabolome Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry Quenching Metabolite extraction Metabolite derivatization 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IBB—Institute for Biotechnology and BioengineeringCenter of Biological Engineering, University of MinhoBragaPortugal

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