HLA Typing with Sequence-Specific Oligonucleotide Primed PCR (PCR-SSO) and Use of the Luminex™ Technology

  • Klara Dalva
  • Meral Beksac
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1109)


The hybridization products obtained by PCR using sequence-specific oligonucleotides can be traced either by colorimetric (streptavidin–biotin)-, X-ray (digoxigenin–CSPD)-, or fluorescence (FITC, PE)-based detection systems. To achieve a faster, reliable, automated typing technique microbead and fluorescence detection technology have been combined and introduced to this field (XMAP™ technology). For each locus, a series of microspheres, which are recognizable by their specific color originating from two internal fluorescent dyes, are used. Each microsphere is coupled with a single probe that is capable of hybridizing with the biotin-labeled complementary amplicon. Once hybridization occurs, it can be quantified by measuring the fluorescence signal originating from fluorescently (streptavidin–PE) labeled amplicons captured by the beads. Currently, there are two commercially available systems that differ in the scale of probes and the methods used for amplification and denaturation. One of these is described in detail in this chapter.

Key words

PCR-SSO Luminex™ XMAP™ technology HLA typing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klara Dalva
    • 1
  • Meral Beksac
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Hematology, Tissue Typing Laboratories, Ibni Sina HospitalAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Hematology, School of MedicineAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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