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ALDH Activity Assay: A Method for Cancer Stem Cell (CSC) Identification and Isolation

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Cancer Stem Cells

Part of the book series: Methods in Molecular Biology ((MIMB,volume 2777))

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Abstract

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a small tumor cell subpopulation, driving cancer initiation, progression, multidrug resistance, and metastasis. Several methods are used to detect and isolate CSCs by flow cytometry. Among these, measurement of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity within the cell is an assay widely used to identify and isolate CSCs from different types of solid tumors. The aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) is a polymorphic enzyme responsible for the oxidation of aldehydes to carboxylic acids, overexpressed both in normal and cancer stem cells. In this chapter, it is described how CSCs are detected and isolated by using ALDH activity assay.

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Correspondence to Virginia Tirino .

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© 2024 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature

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Del Vecchio, V., La Noce, M., Tirino, V. (2024). ALDH Activity Assay: A Method for Cancer Stem Cell (CSC) Identification and Isolation. In: Papaccio, F., Papaccio, G. (eds) Cancer Stem Cells. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol 2777. Humana, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-3730-2_6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-3730-2_6

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  • Publisher Name: Humana, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-0716-3729-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-0716-3730-2

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