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3D Visualization of Microtubules in Epidermal Pavement Cells

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The Plant Cytoskeleton

Abstract

The plant cytoskeleton is instrumental in cellular processes such as cell growth, differentiation, and immune response. Microtubules, in particular, play a crucial role in morphogenesis by governing the deposition of plant cell wall polysaccharides and, in consequence, the cell wall mechanics and cell shape. Scrutinizing the microtubule dynamics is therefore integral to understanding the spatiotemporal regulation of cellular activities. In this chapter, we outline steps to acquire 3D images of microtubules in epidermal pavement cells of Arabidopsis thaliana cotyledons using a confocal microscope. We introduce the steps to assess the microtubule distribution and organization using image processing software Bitplane Imaris and ImageJ. We also demonstrate how the interpretation of image material can be facilitated by post-processing with general-purpose image enhancement software using methods trained by artificial intelligence-based algorithms.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by a Discovery Grant from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) to A.G. and by the Canada Research Chairs Program. Image acquisition was performed at the McGill University Multi-Scale Imaging Facility, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Québec, Canada.

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Correspondence to Anja Geitmann .

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Bidhendi, A.J., Altartouri, B., Geitmann, A. (2023). 3D Visualization of Microtubules in Epidermal Pavement Cells. In: Hussey, P.J., Wang, P. (eds) The Plant Cytoskeleton. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol 2604. Humana, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-2867-6_3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-2867-6_3

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  • Publisher Name: Humana, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-0716-2866-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-0716-2867-6

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