Hundreds of epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) have been performed, successfully identifying replicated epigenomic signals in processes such as aging and smoking. Despite this progress, it remains a major challenge in EWAS to detect both cell type-specific and cell type confounding effects impacting study results. One way to identify these effects is through eFORGE (experimentally derived Functional element Overlap analysis of ReGions from EWAS), a published tool that uses 815 datasets from large-scale mapping studies to detect enriched tissues, cell types, and genomic regions. Here, I show that eFORGE analysis can be extended to EWAS differentially variable positions (DVPs), identifying target cell types and tissues. In addition, I also show that eFORGE tissue-specific enrichment can be detected for sites below EWAS significance threshold. I develop on these and other analysis examples, extending our knowledge of eFORGE cell type- and tissue-specific enrichment results for different EWAS.
- DNA methylation
- Epigenome-wide association study
- Differentially methylated position
- Differentially variable position