DNA Double-Strand Break-Induced Gene Amplification in Yeast
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Precise control of the gene copy number in the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae may facilitate elucidation of enzyme functions or, in cell factory design, can be used to optimize production of proteins and metabolites. Currently, available methods can provide high gene-expression levels but fail to achieve accurate gene dosage. Moreover, strains generated using these methods often suffer from genetic instability resulting in loss of gene copies during prolonged cultivation. Here we present a method, CASCADE, which enables construction of strains with defined gene copy number. With our present system, gene(s) of interest can be amplified up to nine copies, but the upper copy limit of the system can be expanded. Importantly, the resulting strains can be stably propagated in selection-free media.
Key wordsCEN.PK DNA double-strand break Gene amplification Gene targeting Homology-directed recombination I-SceI nuclease Metabolic engineering Saccharomyces cerevisiae
This work was supported by the Villum Foundation to ML, grant DNRF99 from the Danish National Research Foundation, and by grant 0603-00323B from the Danish Council for Strategic Research to UHM.
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