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Consumer Versus Dedicated Digital Cameras in Photomicrography

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Neurohistology and Imaging Techniques

Part of the book series: Neuromethods ((NM,volume 153))


A number of consumer digital cameras (compact, bridge, single lens reflex [SLR], and system ones) are of sufficiently high quality to qualify as suitable for photomicrography and represent an affordable alternative to dedicated, high-end cameras typically equipped with very sensitive sensors. When the image sensor resolution is at least 6 or 8 megapixel digital images offer rendering of details that is comparable to conventional micrographs taken on a standard 36 × 24 mm film. In most situations, micrographs taken by high-end (SLR) or other cameras feature no obvious differences in quality, so that even compact or bridge cameras may be used in most cases. Otherwise, for example, in low-light conditions or when very large print formats are required, SLR camera may be needed owing to its low noise, superb resolution and high ISO speed range. Dedicated moderate-cost cameras equipped with CMOS sensors represent an optimal solution for high-resolution video clips and in situation when life-view images have to be presented on high-resolution screens. On the other hand, color images are better rendered by high-end system cameras and ordinary (consumer) cameras. Layout of photosensitive cells in the retina across taxonomical groups is presented as an analogy of image sensor designs.

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Change history

  • 24 September 2021

    The online version of this book had multiple errors as specified below:


  1. 1.




Automatic exposure bracketing


Advanced photographic system


Charge-coupled device


Complementary metal oxide semiconductor


Dynamic range increase


Digital single-lens reflex (mirror reflex) camera


Canon camera series (electro-optical system)


Frames per second


Canon EOS to Leica-R (lens adapter)


Exposure value


High dynamic range rendering


Line pairs per millimeter


Micro Four Thirds




Numerical aperture


N­type metal-oxide-semiconductor


Single-lens reflex (mirror reflex) camera


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The authors are grateful to prof. Jan Valenta (Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague) for helpful comments. RP acknowledges support via Ministry of Education projects: Chiral Microscopy (LTC17012) and ChemBioDrug.(Footnote 1)

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Correspondence to Jörg Piper .

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Piper, J., Pelc, R. (2020). Consumer Versus Dedicated Digital Cameras in Photomicrography. In: Pelc, R., Walz, W., Doucette, J.R. (eds) Neurohistology and Imaging Techniques. Neuromethods, vol 153. Humana, New York, NY.

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  • Publisher Name: Humana, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-0716-0426-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-0716-0428-1

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