Skip to main content

Transmission of Viruses Through Beetles

  • Protocol
  • First Online:
Characterization of Plant Viruses

Part of the book series: Springer Protocols Handbooks ((SPH))


Although majority of plant viruses are transmitted by insects with sucking mouth parts, some viruses are transmitted by insects with biting mouth parts. Beetles (Fam: Chrysomelidae) have the biting type of mouth parts and lack salivary glands. Plant viruses in the genera, Tymovirus, Comovirus, Bromovirus and Sobemovirus are transmitted by beetles. More than 74 species of beetle are known to transmit viruses which infect economically important vegetable and grain crops. Beetles transmit approximately 11% of the insect-borne viruses.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 49.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  • Fulton JP, Scott HA (1974) Virus vectoring efficiencies of two species of leaf feeding beetles. Proc Am Phytopathol Soc 1:159

    Google Scholar 

  • Fulton JP, Scott HA (1980) Beetles. In: Harris KF, Maramorosch K (eds) Vectors of plant pathogens. Academic, San Diego

    Google Scholar 

  • Fulton JP, Gergerich RC, Scott HA (1987) Beetle transmission of plant viruses. Annu Rev Phytopathol 25:111–123

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gergerich RC, Scott HA (1988) Evidence that virus translocation and virus infection of non-wounded cells are associated with transmissibility by leaf-feeding beetles. J Gen Virol 69:2935–2938

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jansen WP, Staples R (1970) Transmission of cowpea mosaic virus by the Mexican bean beetle. J Econ Entomol 65:1719–1720

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nault LR, Styer WE, Coffey ME, Gordon DT, Negi LS, Niblett CL (1978) Transmission of maize chlorotic mottle virus by chrysomelid beetles. Phytopathology 68:1071–1074

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sanderlin RS (1973) Survival of bean pod mottle and cowpea mosaic virus in beetles following intrahemocoelic injections. Phytopathology 63:259–226

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Scott HA, Fulton JP (1978) Comparison of the relationships of Southern bean mosaic virus and the cowpea strain of tobacco mosaic virus with the bean leaf beetle. Virology 84:207–209

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Smith CM, Gedling CR, Wiebe KF, Cassone BJ (2017) A sweet story: bean pod mottle virus transmission dynamics by Mexican bean beetles (Epilachna varivestis). Genome Biol Evol 9:714–725

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Walters HJ (1969) Beetle transmission of plant viruses. Adv Virus Res 15:339–363

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature

About this protocol

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this protocol

Bhat, A.I., Rao, G.P. (2020). Transmission of Viruses Through Beetles. In: Characterization of Plant Viruses . Springer Protocols Handbooks. Humana, New York, NY.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Humana, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-0716-0333-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-0716-0334-5

  • eBook Packages: Springer Protocols

Publish with us

Policies and ethics