Simultaneous Detection of Autophagy and Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition in the Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cells

  • Javad Alizadeh
  • Shahla Shojaei
  • Adel Sepanjnia
  • Mohammad Hashemi
  • Eftekhar Eftekharpour
  • Saeid Ghavami
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1854)


Autophagy is increasingly identified as a central player in many cellular activities from cell proliferation to cell division, migration, and differentiation. However, it is also considered as a double-edged sword in cancer biology which either promotes oncogenesis/invasion or sensitizes the tumor cells to chemotherapy induced apoptosis. Recent investigations have provided direct evidence for regulation of cellular phenotype via autophagy pathway. One of the most important types of phenotype conversion is Epithelial-Mesenchymal-Transition (EMT), resulting in alteration of epithelial cell properties to a more mesenchymal form. In the current chapter, we provide a method which is established and being used in our laboratory for detection of autophagy and EMT in lung epithelial cells and show the involvement of autophagy in modulation of cellular phenotype.


Epithelial to mesenchymal transition Phenotype conversion Autophagy Lung cancer 



SG was supported by Health Science Centre Foundation General Operating Grant and University Collaborative Research Program. SS was supported by Health Science Centre Foundation General Operating Grant and University Collaborative Research Program and Mitacs Accelerate Postdoctoral Fellowship. JA was supported by Research Manitoba studentship award.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York  2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javad Alizadeh
    • 1
  • Shahla Shojaei
    • 1
  • Adel Sepanjnia
    • 2
  • Mohammad Hashemi
    • 3
  • Eftekhar Eftekharpour
    • 4
  • Saeid Ghavami
    • 1
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Science, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Department of Immunology, School of MedicineJiroft University of Medical ScienceJiroftIran
  3. 3.Department of Clinical BiochemistryZahedan University of Medical SciencesZahedanIran
  4. 4.Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Regenerative Medicine, Program and Spinal Cord research Center, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  5. 5.Biology of Breathing Theme, Children’s Hospital Research Institute of ManitobaUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  6. 6.Health Policy Research CentreShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran

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