Cloning of Autophagy-Related MicroRNAs
Autophagy is a cellular survival pathway that is necessary for the degradation of cellular constituents such as long-lived proteins and damaged organelles. Conditions resulting in cellular stress such as starvation or hypoxia might activate autophagy. Being at the crossroads of various cellular response pathways, dysregulation of autophagy might result in pathological states including cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Autophagy has also been shown to participate in stemness. MicroRNAs were introduced as novel regulators of autophagy, and accumulating results underlined the fact that they constituted an important layer of biological control mechanism on the autophagic activity.
MicroRNAs are protein noncoding small RNAs that control cellular levels of transcripts and proteins through posttrancriptional mechanisms. Novel miRNAs in human and mouse genomes are yet to be identified. Considering the emerging role of autophagy in health and disease, identification of novel autophagy-regulating miRNAs and determination of relations between miRNA expression and physiological and pathological conditions might contribute to a better understanding of mechanisms governing health and disease. High-throughput techniques were developed for miRNA profiling, yet for a thorough characterization and miRNA target determination, miRNA cloning remains as an important step. Here, we describe a modified miRNA cloning method for the characterization of novel autophagy-regulating miRNAs.
KeywordsAutophagy Cloning Identification miRNA Regulation
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