Molecular Toxicology Protocols pp 623-632
Detection of Programmed Cell Death in Cells Exposed to Genotoxic Agents Using a Caspase Activation Assay
Many toxins that individuals are exposed to cause DNA damage. Cells that have sustained DNA damage may attempt to repair the damage prior to replication. However, if a cell has sustained serious damage it cannot repair, it will commit suicide through a genetically regulated programmed cell death (PCD) pathway. Crucial to the ultimate execution of PCD is a family of cysteine proteases called caspases. Activation of these enzymes occurs late enough in the PCD pathway that a cell can no longer avoid cell death, but still earlier than PCD-associated morphological changes or DNA fragmentation. This protocol details a method for using fluorochrome-conjugated caspase inhibitors for the detection of activated caspases in intact cells. The analysis and documentation is performed using fluorescence microscopy.
Key wordsApoptosis Programmed cell death (PCD) Caspase Inhibitor Fluorescence DNA damage Genotoxic agent