A Tripartite Fusion System for the Selection of Protein Variants with Increased Stability In Vivo

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 978)


We describe here a genetic selection system that directly links protein stability to antibiotic resistance, allowing one to directly select for mutations that stabilize proteins in vivo. Our technique is based on a tripartite fusion in which the protein to be stabilized is inserted into the middle of the reporter protein β-lactamase via a flexible linker. The gene encoding the inserted protein is then mutagenized using error-prone PCR and the resulting plasmid library plated on media supplemented with increasing concentrations of β-lactam antibiotic. Mutations that stabilize the protein of interest can easily be identified on the basis of their increased antibiotic resistance compared to cells expressing the unmutated tripartite fusion.

Key words

Genetic selection Protein stability Protein evolution Mutagenesis Reporter protein Tripartite fusion Sandwich fusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Howard Hughes Medical InstituteChevy ChaseUSA
  2. 2.Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental BiologyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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