Micropropagation of African Violet (Saintpaulia ionantha Wendl.)

  • Mukund Shukla
  • J. Alan Sullivan
  • Shri Mohan JainEmail author
  • Susan J. Murch
  • Praveen K. SaxenaEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 994)


Micropropagation is an important tool for rapid multiplication and the creation of genetic variability in African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha Wendl.). Successful in vitro propagation depends on the specific requirements and precise manipulation of various factors such as the type of explants used, physiological state of the mother plant, plant growth regulators in the culture medium, and growth conditions. Development of cost-effective protocols with a high rate of multiplication is a crucial requirement for commercial application of micropropagation. The current chapter describes an optimized protocol for micropropagation of African violets using leaf explants obtained from in vitro grown plants. In this process, plant regeneration occurs via both somatic embryogenesis and shoot organogenesis simultaneously in the explants induced with the growth regulator thidiazuron (TDZ; N-phenyl-N′-1,2,3-thidiazol-5-ylurea). The protocol is simple, rapid, and efficient for large-scale propagation of African violet and the dual routes of regeneration allow for multiple applications of the technology from simple clonal propagation to induction or selection of variants to the production of synthetic seeds.

Key words

African violet Saintpaulia ionantha Micropropagation Somatic embryogenesis Organogenesis Regeneration Root initiation Thidiazuron 



This research was supported by grants from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant AgricultureUniversity of GuelphOntarioCanada
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.University of British ColumbiaKelownaCanada

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