Quantitative Analysis of Genome-Wide Chromatin Remodeling

Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 833)

Abstract

Recent high-throughput sequencing technologies have opened the door for genome-wide characterization of chromatin features at an unprecedented resolution. Chromatin accessibility is an important property that regulates protein binding and other nuclear processes. Here, we describe computational methods to analyze chromatin accessibility using DNaseI hypersensitivity by sequencing (DNaseI-seq). Although there are numerous bioinformatic tools to analyze ChIP-seq data, our statistical algorithm was developed specifically to identify significantly accessible genomic regions by handling features of DNaseI hypersensitivity. Without prior knowledge of relevant protein factors, one can discover genome-wide chromatin remodeling events associated with specific conditions or differentiation stages from quantitative analysis of DNaseI hypersensitivity. By performing appropriate subsequent computational analyses on a select subset of remodeled sites, it is also possible to extract information about putative factors that may bind to specific DNA elements within DNaseI hypersensitive sites. These approaches enabled by DNaseI-seq represent a powerful new methodology that reveals mechanisms of transcriptional regulation.

Key words

Chromatin Chromatin remodeling DNaseI hypersensitivity Global DHS-seq analysis Global ChIP-seq analysis Genome-wide High-throughput deep sequencing Computational methods Footprinting 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Songjoon Baek
    • 1
  • Myong-Hee Sung
    • 1
  • Gordon L. Hager
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Receptor Biology and Gene ExpressionNational Cancer Institute, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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