Carbohydrate Microarrays pp 69-86
Polypyrrole-Oligosaccharide Microarray for the Measurement of Biomolecular Interactions by Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging
The polypyrrole approach initially developed for the construction of DNA chips, has been extended to other biochemical compounds such as proteins and more recently oligosaccharides. The copolymerization of a pyrrole monomer with a biomolecule bearing a pyrrole group by an electrochemical process allows a very fast coupling of the biomolecule (probe) to a gold layer used as a working electrode. Fluorescence-based detection is the reference method to detect interactions on biochips; however an alternative label free method, could be more convenient for rapid screening of biointeractions. Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPRi) is a typical label-free method for real time detection of the binding of biological molecules onto functionalized surfaces. This surface sensitive optical method is based upon evanescent wave sensing on a thin metal layer. The SPR approach described herein is performed in an imaging geometry that allows simultaneous monitoring of biorecognition reactions occurring on an array of immobilized probes (chip). In a SPR imaging experiment, local changes in the reflectivity are recorded with a CCD camera and are exploited to monitor up to 100 different biological reactions occurring onto the molecules linked to the polypyrrole matrix. This method will be applied to oligosaccharide recognition.
Key wordsPolypyrrole Oligosaccharide Array Biochip Surface plasmon resonance
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