Isolation and Cultivation of Dermal Stem Cells that Differentiate into Functional Epidermal Melanocytes

  • Ling Li
  • Mizuho Fukunaga-Kalabis
  • Meenhard HerlynEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 806)


Human melanocytes have been extensively studied, but a melanocyte stem cell reservoir in glabrous skin has not yet been found. Human dermis contains cells that are nonpigmented but can differentiate to several different cell types. We have recently shown that multipotent dermal stem cells isolated from human neonatal foreskins are able to differentiate to multiple cell lineages, including pigmented melanocytes. The dermal stem cells grow as three-dimensional spheres in human embryonic stem cell medium and express some neural crest stem cell and embryonic stem cell markers. Melanocytes derived from dermal stem cells express melanocytic markers and act the same way as mature epidermal melanocytes. Dermal spheres, embedded in the reconstructed dermis consisting of collagen with fibroblasts, can migrate to the basement membrane, where they become pigmented in the same way as epidermal melanocytes suggesting that dermal stem cells can give rise to epidermal melanocytes.

Key words

Melanocyte Stem cells Dermal reservoir 3D skin reconstruct 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ling Li
    • 1
  • Mizuho Fukunaga-Kalabis
    • 1
  • Meenhard Herlyn
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Molecular and Cellular Oncogenesis Program, Melanoma Research CenterThe Wistar InstitutePhiladelphiaUSA

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