Oncolytic Viruses pp 1-19

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 797)

Oncolytic Herpes Simplex Virus Engineering and Preparation


Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) is an enveloped, double-stranded DNA virus that has been used with modification as an oncolytic virus against a number of tumor types. Modifications that make HSV-1 replication-­conditional, i.e., selectively divide in replicating cells make it fulfill a prerequisite criteria for oncolytic viruses. Other appealing features of HSV-1 as an oncolytic virus include its large, modifiable genome; its sensitivity to antiviral agents, such as ganciclovir; and its lack of host cell integration. Here, we review the methods of HSV-1 engineering, through traditional recombination techniques as well as through bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) technology. We then describe protocols for titering, amplification, and purification of engineered HSV-1-derived oncolytic viruses.

Key words

Oncolytic virus Virus titer Virus purification HSV-BAC G47Δ 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity of California at San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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