Heterologous Gene Expression in E.coli pp 87-107
Site-Specific Protein Labeling by Intein-Mediated Protein Ligation
Intein-mediated protein ligation (IPL) employs an intein to create a protein possessing a C-terminal thioester that can be ligated to a protein or peptide with an amino-terminal cysteine via a native peptide bond. Here we present a procedure to conduct isolation and labeling of recombinant proteins expressed in E. coli using synthetic short peptides possessing a fluorescent moiety. This approach can be readily utilized for site-specific conjugation of a fluorophore to the C-terminus of a protein of interest, without the drawback of non-specific chemical labeling. This chapter also gives a general review of the critical parameters of intein-mediated cleavage and ligation reactions.